Fruit trees are surprisingly easy to grow on a personal plot. In the spring they will please you with beautiful flowers, and then with an abundance of fruits. Apple trees, peach, plums and pears - all these trees grow well in different climatic conditions. When making your choice, consult the fruit nursery whether the conditions of the locality you live in will suit the fruit tree you have chosen. Read this article to learn how to plant fruit trees so that they successfully bear fruit in the coming years.
Fruit with good taste - sweet apples, plums, pears, etc. - give grafted trees. Although fruit trees can be grown from seeds, such trees do not necessarily produce fruits that are edible. To make sure that your chosen tree will bear fruit with good taste, it is best to buy a fruit tree with open roots, a very young and already grafted tree.
Although fruit trees can be planted at any time of the year, it is better to do this in areas with cold winters in spring. Then the tree will immediately begin to adapt to the soil and grow roots. Spring is also the best time to dig the soil, because at that time the ground has already thawed and become soft.
If you have heavy clay soil or heavy compacted soil, it’s nice to dig it to a depth of at least 2 feet and make some compost. This will make the soil more loose, provide better drainage and create more favorable conditions for root growth. Use a garden shovel or cultivator to dig up and loosen the soil, then add compost and mix it with the ground.
The main question that gardeners are interested in is how and when to plant apples? If you follow the rules of planting, a good survival rate and rooting are possible throughout the season. However, in the opinion of experienced summer residents, the optimal period for most regions of Russia is early spring or mid-autumn.
In the spring
It is better to plant an apple tree in the spring in late March - early April, in other words, when the air temperature is already consistently above zero. On planted seedlings buds should not be dissolved. At the same time planted trees should be watered abundantly, not allowing the roots to dry.
In the autumn
The best period for planting in the fall is mid-October, that is, two weeks before the onset of negative temperatures. To protect young saplings from freezing, saplings planted in autumn need to be tucked in with earth, humus or compost. The trunks should be whitened with chalky solution. In winter, ensure that there is enough snow around the tree.
In summer, apple trees are planted in rare cases. In this case, it is necessary to carefully prepare the soil for planting, do not forget to apply fertilizer, pay special attention to watering.
If you have already decided what sort of apple in the country you want to plant, it is better to purchase a seedling in a nursery or specialty store. Apple trees should be bought with a closed root system. The advantages of such seedlings consist in a high survival rate, since during planting they are simply removed from the container along with an earth ball, as a result of which their roots are not injured. These seedlings can be planted at any time of the year: in spring, summer or autumn. The question of how to choose a place for planting an apple tree, we consider below.
Planting such a large fruit tree as a pear is a responsible matter, because any nuance that was not taken into account during this important period can be affected after many months and even years when it will be very difficult or impossible to fix the problem.
Fruit trees are planted either in early spring or in autumn. The choice of the term of planting depends on several nuances.
Autumn planting of fruit is preferred in the southern regions, where the long warm autumn gives way to fairly mild winters. An important advantage of the autumn planting in these regions with frequent droughts and hot summer is the risk of burning out of spring seedlings that did not have enough time to get stronger. If a pear is planted here in September or the first half of October, then it will have time to increase new roots for winter, to adapt and prepare for winter. If you do not avoid the autumn planting of a pear seedling in Siberia, then this should happen no later than September, otherwise the risk of freezing of an immature plant is high. In the Moscow region, in the fall, you can plant pears in the second half of September and early October. There are situations when the seedlings can be obtained at the most inappropriate time for planting - late autumn. In such cases, dig a trench, put the seedlings in it at an angle, drop them with earth, cover them with peat, fallen leaves, cover with non-woven cloth to protect them from frost. And in the spring planted in a permanent place.